St Pauls, LA
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St Pauls, LA
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St. Paul's Episcopal Church, New Orleans, LA
Musical Director Caroline Carson

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Ely                                            The Town stands above the River Ouse on a bluff which was formerly an island, accessible only by boat or causeway until the fens were drained in the 17th and 18th Century.  It was the scene of Hereward`s resistance to William the Conqueror.  A quiet oasis away from the hustle and bustle of modern city life around the precints of the cathedral are the houses of the Kings School founded by Henry VIII.  Nearby is the Bishops Palace and St Mary`s church, in the vicarage of which lived Oliver Cromwell and his family from 1636-1647.
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Ely Cathedral                                            The Cathedral was founded by St Etheldreda in 673 but work on the present building did not commence until the appointment of Abbot Simeon in 1081.  It is only on entering the Cathedral that the length of the nave becomes apparent (537ft in length) with a wonderful painted wooden ceiling 72ft high, conceived by Alan Walsingham over 600 years ago.  The effect of its design with its beautiful fan vaulting and delicate tracery makes it one of the highlights of English architecture.  The chapels which surround the extension contain some of the most elaborate and extraordinary carvings to be seen in England.
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Bury St. Edmonds               A Cathedral town and county town of West Suffolk. commemorates two outstanding episodes in its history.  Edmund last king of East Anglia was killed in 869 by the Danes, the English at that time held that his death was a martydom and for many years he was Patron Saint of England.  His remains were taken to Beadriceswyrth which from the 11th Century was called St Edmunsbury.  In 1020 Cnut having become King of England and hoping to resolve discord between the English and Danish communities gave the place where Edmund was buried the status of Abbey.  The second great episode to effect the community took place in 1215 on November 20th, when the Barons took an oath at the alter of St Edmund to get ratification of the Magna Carta from the then King John.  Bury is certainly a town to walk in with interesting churches, old buildings, a 13th Century Guildhall etc.  The Cathedral Church since 1914 has been St James, a 16th Century building with some 19th Century additions.  What remains of the great Abbey church which at one time was 500ft long with a West front nearly 250ft wide is all but hidden away and just small fragments are visible at various places like the Norman Gate and Abbey Gate.  Bury St Edmunds means The Olde English Bury is Burg meaning fort or town.  St Edmund refers to the Saint.  Originally Beadriceswyrth meaning Beaduric`s Enclosure.  Which referred to a small monastic community established to safeguard the Saints remains.  In 1083 this was thus recorded as Sancte Eadmundes  Byrig.  Which over time became turned round to become Bury St Edmunds.
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Bury St.Edmunds Cathedral                The Cathedral church since 1914 has been St James, a 16th Century building with some 19th Century additions.
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Ickworth House                    Now in the hands of the National Trust.  Ickworth has had a chequered life since its design in 1795 by the Eccentric 4th Earl of Bristol.  Today visitors can see fine furniture, a superb painting collection and possibly the finest collection of Georgian silver anywhere in Britain.  The architecture is different and the rotunda is without doubt a special feature of the design.  Deer are kept in the lovely grounds that surround the house.
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Cambridge                             Cambridge is one of the most important and beautiful towns not only in East Anglia, but also in Britain and even Europe.  The quality of its buildings in particular those belonging to the University and the particular atmosphere caused by the felicitous combination of river and gardens have given the city a place in the itinerary of every visitor to this country.  The history of Cambridge began many hundreds of years before the first college was founded, a Celtic settlement had arise on Castle Hill 100 years prior to the Roman conquest.  At the foot of the hill was a ford across the River Cam.  It is thought the Romans built a bridge here.  The site of Cambridge became of great strategic and commercial importance.  With the departure of the Romans the town continued to spread to its present position on the East Anglian side of the river.  The coming of the Normans only increased expansion they even rebuilt the Castle.  Then in the 13th Century saw the founding of the first Cambridge College, Peterhouse College, established in 1281 by the Bishop of Ely and moving to its own hostels in 1284.  So was established the first College and the consequent increase in the importance of the city as a seat of learning and a centre of communal life.
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Kings College, Cambridge                    One of the most outstanding buildings in Britain and the finest Gothic building in Europe.  It was begun in 1446. its unusual dimensions, 300ft long, 80ft high and 40ft wide, prepare the visitor for its extraordinary system of spatial relationships.  The effect of the interior is breathtaking. the shafts on either side of the chapel lead the eye up into the roof where the profusion of delicate fan vaulting appears to be made of lace rather than stone.  The organ case (1606), screen and choir stalls (1536) stained glass windows (1515 incidentally the year the chapel was completed) act as a perfect foil to the magnificent roof.  Does this give meaning to look upwards to heaven for the splendours that are above.  
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Great St. Mary Church, Cambridge     The University church, but like its sister church in Oxford it must meet the needs of both town and gown.  The outside fixed with a 17th Century tower, it is the inside which is more noble.  Rebuilt at the end of the 15th century after donations from both Richard III & Henry VII, the actual rebuilding was completed by 1519 shortly after the more famous Kings College Chapel across the road.  The nave has an arcade of 5 tall slender bays leading to the wide chancel arch.  The roof is original and built from 100 oak trees donated by Henry VIII.  The church has an excellent work of art, The Majestas of Alan Durst installed as a reredos in 1960, it is given a clear view because there is no screen to the chancel
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Burghley House                   The largest & grandest house of the first Elizabethan age. built between 1565 & 1587 by William Cecil.  The house is still a family home yet full of superb paintings and antiques, a treasure to feast upon.  The art collection is one of the most impressive 17th Century Italian painting collections in the world, with over 300 great works on display in the state rooms, which also includes work by Gainsborough, Kneller and Lawrence.  The tour will allow access to over 18 state rooms filled with superb porcelain from all over Europe and a collection of early Japanese ceramics, together with furniture of the highest quality including a bed once used by Queen Victoria.  Try and find time to wander in the grounds, acres of park land, originally landscaped by Capability Brown.  Mature trees and plenty of space for the youngsters to let off some steam.
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Norwich                                  A beautiful city and the Capital of Norfolk.  The site of the city so important as it developed within a large double bend in the River Wensum.  After the Norman conquest both the castle and the cathedral were built, two focal points that remain until this day.  The great stone keep of the castle dates back to 1160 and except for the Tower of London must rate as one of the best surviving examples of Norman military architecture in the country.  90 feet square and over 70 feet in height.  The city centre is dotted with important historic buildings, the Guildhall built between 1407-1413, the Assembly House in Theatre Street 1754, Bridewell Museum 1370, Strangers Hall is Mid 15th Century, plus approximately 30 surviving churches all Medieval and many of exceptional interest.  In Medieval times Norwich also had one of the largest Jewish communities in England.  Wealthy merchants and money lenders living in the city built superb houses some of which exist to this day, one example being the old music house in King Street which is 12th Century.  Norwich-the place name means Northern specialised place with the Olde English wic meaning town or port. the town was recorded as Northwic during the early part of the 10th Century.  In the Doomsday book it is recorded as Noruic.
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Norwich Cathedral                                  A fine Norman Cathedral built under the direction of Bishop De Josinga in 1096.  When he died in 1119 he was buried in the chancel and the work continued until the finished building was consecrated in 1278.  The Norman plan, which incidentally is the only one to survive in this country, featured a Bishops Throne at the East end, in an apse behind the altar.  It is suggested the throne is approx 1000 years old which if confirmed would make it the oldest Bishops Throne in any English Cathedral.  The nave has a superb roof with close on 800 roof bosses.  Outside the building there are an array of Norman flying buttresses which were needed to support this huge burden.  The spire is the second highest in England at 315 feet (Salisbury is the highest) was added in the late 15th Century by Goldwell.
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Oxford                              This great university town is, for its history and associations and for its architecture, one of the most rewarding in all England.  In spite of recent industrialisation, its beauty and dignity have emerged relatively unscathed.  The university is the second oldest in Europe, acknowledging only the Sorbonne in Paris as its senior.  In fact evidence of organised teaching can be traced to the 12th Century.  A Chancellor was appointed in 1214 and the collegiate system began in the latter part of the 13th Century with the establishment in Oxford of various religious orders.
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Christchurch, Oxford                     Quite unique, a Cathedral serving the Diocese of Oxford and a College Chapel serving Christ Church College.  It was made a Cathedral by King Henry VIII in 1545 after cardinal Wolsey had made it a Chapel of the College in 1525.  The building however dates back to the 12th Century when it was a priory of Augustianain Cannons.  The first recorded church on the site was in the 8th Century.  The spire incidentally, constructed during the 13th Century was the first in England the lovely Gothic chancel added in the year 1500.  A superb collection of stained glass windows still exists dating back the 14th Century with the oldest being the magnificent Becket window in the South transept (a rare example of 14th Century glass in situ).
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Salisbury                       A town where there is no need to go looking for interests in dark corners, it is all around.  The city dates back to the 13th Century when it was decided to move the Bishops seat  from Old Sarum.  The Cathedral foundations were begun in 1220 and the city started to grow.  Salisbury was built on a grid or chequer system which left space between the blocks.  Cathedral close is the most beautiful in all England and the list of buildings with interest is unending.  The first sight of the Cathedral is most impressive an early example of English architecture.  Its spire soaring to a height of 404ft the highest in England, the nave measures 198ft with a clear uncluttered beauty, little having changed since it was built.
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Salisbury Cathedral          The first sight of the Cathedral is most impressive an early example of English architecture.  Its spire soaring to a height of 404ft the highest in England which imposes almost 6,000 tons of stone on the four pillars of the crossing.  The Nave measures 198ft with a clear uncluttered beauty, little having changed since it was built.  Foundations no more than 4 feet deep on a bed of gravel, the main building was begun in 1220 and completed in 1258.  The Cloisters and Chapter house being finished in 1280.  It was never a Monastic institution but staffed with Secular Clergy called Canons.  This arrangements continues today.  Canons would be away in their parishes for most of the year, just coming back to the Cathedral for short periods of time.  The present houses round the close are built on the sites of the former Canons Houses.
It is interesting to note that the main wall round the Cathedral close was granted by licence from Cdward III and is reputed to be built from stone from the original Cathedral at Old Sarum started in 1075

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Stonehenge                  There is nothing quite like this awe inspiring monument anywhere else in the world, yet at first sight it is curiously disappointing, probably because it is set on a plain so vast that in comparison the stones seem quite insignificant.  It is only when man stands close to the stones that he seems so puny in comparison and it is hard to imagine how centuries ago, with only primitive tools to help them, men could possibly have placed these huge boulders into position.
The actual building falls into three phases.  Phase one which took place in the late Neolithic period somewhere around 2,000 years B.C. but little is known of this work.  Phase two which took place between 1,700 and 1,600 B.C. we do know at this point about 80 blue stones, brought over by sea from the Prescelly mountains in Pembrokeshire, Wales, were place in two concentric circles with the entrance at the N.E. this work was never finished.  Phase three which took place between 1,600 and 1,300 B.C. during the Bronze age at this time the blue stones were moved and about 80 enormous Sarsen stones were dragged here from the Marlborough downs.  The whole history of Stonehenge covers the period from about 2,200 B.C.. to 1,300 B.C. but exactly why it was built remains a mystery.  One fact remains the axis of Stonehenge was carefully aligned with the sunrise on 21st June, the longest day of the year, and was it built in order to calculate the annual calendar of the seasons?
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Old Sarum                         Such a historic place covering an area of approx 56 acres. Important due to its prominence above the countryside below.  First remains indicate a Iron age camp, followed by the Romans, the Anglo-Saxons, then the Danes who pillaged the area in 1003.  In 1070 William the Conqueror reviewed his troops on the plains below.  The site really moved forward just after William departed.  The Episcopal See was moved from Sherborne to Sarum and a new Cathedral and Castle where built on the site.  However by 1220 the area was becoming too small for the requirements of the community so a new Cathedral was planned nearby.(New Sarum or as it later became Salisbury) stones from the old Cathedral where carried away and used in the construction of the new Cathedral. 
Old Sarum---old refers to a former Iron age fort and Sarum is the abbreviated form of the Latin name
Salisbury
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