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Christ Church, Glendale, OH
Director of Music Bryan Mock
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Windsor                                Dominated both in spirit and in fact, by its magnificent castle, yet the town itself is very attractive with Georgian and Victorian buildings, Church Street being one of its prettiest areas.  The parish Church of St John stands in the High Street with railings designed by Grindling Gibbons.  Nearby is the Guildhall designed at the end of the 17th Century by Sir Thomas Fitch and finished by Sir Christopher Wren.  However it is the castle that made the town and still attracts thousands and thousands of visitors every year.
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Windsor Castle                   The castle is the largest inhabited castle in the world and covers over 13 acres.  Its story starts with William the Conqueror who quickly grasped its strategic position and the advantage of a forest for hunting close by.  Since then practically every sovereign has had a hand in the building, Henry II put up the first stone buildings including the round tower, but the defences are still those built by Henry III. Edward III was born at Windsor and loved it, he enlarged the royal apartments and founded the order of the Knights of the Garter, making Windsor a centre for chivalry.  The castle is made up of three parts, the lower ward, which includes St George's chapel, the upper ward in which lie the state apartments and the middle ward where the enormous round tower gives wonderful views over 12 counties.
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St. George's Chapel, Windsor        A sumptuous and impressive building which yet gives an effect of light and spaciousness.  The perpendicular chapel was begun by Edward IV in 1475 and completed in the reigns of Henry VII and VIII.  Many sovereigns and famous men and women lie buried here, including Charles I, Henry VIII, Jane Seymour and the present Queens Mother and father.  Queen Victoria and her husband Prince Albert were also buried at Windsor but in the royal mausoleum at Frogmore in Home Park near the castle.
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St. Albans                            This ancient city, with narrow, twisting streets was once one of the largest and most important Roman towns in the country.  The Abbey is visible from miles around.  A British settlement existed here prior to the Roman invasion of 54A.D. by the middle of the 1st Century this settlement had become so important it was elevated to the status of Municipium, the only British city to attain such an honour, which accorded the inhabitants the right of Roman citizenship.  The remains of Verulamium were only excavated in the present century, parts of the original city walls up to 12 feet thick can be seen.  The Roman theatre (only one in Britain) has been excavated and restored, semi circular in shapes is 180 feet across and provided seats for over 1,600 people.
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St. Albans Cathedral                         The Cathedral, St Albans Abbey was built on the site where the first British Martyr, Alban was beheaded in 209A.D.  The existing Abbey was constructed by Paul of Caen using materials collected from the ruined Roman city (brick and flint taken from Roman remains) started in 1077 much of the original church remains today.  The church is over 900 years old but the materials used to build it are nearly twice that age.  The nave measures over 275 feet and is the longest in Great Britain, the tower is 144 feet high constructed entirely by the Normans with red bricks from the old Roman city.
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London the Capital City of England & the United Kingdom         Within a few years of invading Britain in 43AD the Romans had built forts and towns across the land.  They linked these outposts with a number of well constructed roads, some of which had to cross a wide tidal river (Thames).  The Roman engineers eventually picked a crossing point from generally marshy ground on the South bank (with islands of firm ground) to an area on the North Bank situated on two low hills, these hills formed the highest and driest site on the tidal river.  At this point the Romans built their bridge and before long a settlement grew up on the hills and then a City took shape, the Romans called it Londinium.  The landscape that greeted the Romans now lies deep beneath the modern city, upto 8 metres deep, the reason, every new building over the past 2,000 years was built on top of the rubble of the old.
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River Thames                     One of the longest rivers in England at 215 miles in length, it flows from its source near Cheltenham to the sea through some of the most beautiful countryside before becoming the main artery that the wealth of Britain has been bourn.  No river can have influenced a nations destiny more, from Roman times to the present day. 
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Westminster Abbey                          Legend has it that the first Church built on Thorney Island in the Thames was built by King Segbert in the 7th Century, there is also mention of a Charter from King Offa of Mercia to the people of Westminster granting land.  We also have a Charter from King Edgar in the 10th Century for the restoring of the Benedictine Abbey.  It is also written that a substantial foundation existed in Westminster when King Edward the Confessor became King in 1042.  We do know that Edward started to build a Church here close to the previous building and it was consecrated on 28th December 1065.  Eight days later Edward died and he was buried in front of the high altar.
William the Conqueror was crowned in that Abbey on Christmas Day 1066. this Coronation began a tradition and all Kings and Queens of England (Britain) with the exception of Edward V & Edward VIII have been crowned in the Abbey since that date.
Work began in 1245 in rebuilding the Abbey. The work proceeded rapidly and by 1269 the Quire and one bay of the Nave was completed.  At this time the body of St Edward was removed and laid to rest in a Chapel bearing his name.  In 1272 Henry III died and his body was buried in the front of the high alter where Edward`s had once lain.
The complete history of this famous Abbey would take many pages to write, hence it is possibly to conclude by saying “many Kings and Queens together with famous people lie buried within its walls and therefore this one building is a unique testament to 1,000 years of the history of the British people”.

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Houses of Parliament       The present building occupies the site of the old Royal Palace.  The oldest surviving part of this palace is Westminster Hall (some of the walls dating back to 1097/99).  In 1840 Sir Charles Barry with the help of his eccentric assistant, Pugin began building the neo Gothic new house which still graces Parliament Square.  Although it was badly bombed in 1941 the Commons Chamber was completely destroyed, the new one was opened in 1950.  As you look at the palace from the square the commons are on the left and the lords on the right.  Standing a little to the left of the building is Westminster Hall.  This ancient hall is 290ft long, 68ft wide and 92ft high, it was built in 1097 by William II and modernised by Richard II in 1399.  It was here that Charles I was condemned to death in 1649, Edward II abdicated in 1327, Oliver Cromwell was installed as protector and the Guy Fawkes conspirators sentenced to death.  It was the centre of London life, a very public place in which to have sentence passed. it remains lofty, beautiful, impressive and empty, the oldest part of the palace and the most lovely.
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Westminster hall                This ancient hall is 290ft long, 68ft long and 92ft high.  It was built in 1097 by William II and modernised by Richard II in 1399.  It was here that Charles I was condemned to death in 1649.  Edward II abdicated in 1327.  Oliver Cromwell was installed as protector and the Guy Fawkes conspirators sentenced to death.  It was the centre of London life, a very public place in which to have sentence passed.  It remains lofty, beautiful, impressive and empty, the oldest part of the palace and the most lovely.
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Buckingham Palace         Until the 18th Century the original site was occupied by Buckingham House which was bought by George III in 1762.  When George IV acceded the throne in 1820 he commissioned John Nash to build a palace fit for a King on the same site.  Much of the original structure and decoration survives to this day.
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The British Monarchy
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London Eye                        Opened in January 2000 as a part of the Millennium celebrations it is 135mtrs high and is the worlds highest observation wheel.  The fourth tallest structure in London. It is 35mtrs taller than Big Ben, 30 mtrs taller than St Pauls, three times as high as Tower Bridge and a third taller than the Statue of Liberty.  The 360` rotation will take approx 30/35 minutes.  The wheel has 32 fully enclosed capsules holding up to 25 people each. From its highest point passengers can see 25 miles in each direction on a clear day.
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Cabinet War Rooms         In 1940 as the bombs rained down on London, Winston Churchill, his Cabinet, his Chiefs of Staff and intelligence chiefs were meeting below ground in a fortified basement in Whitehall, later to be known as the Cabinet War Rooms.  They offered shelter in which to work, sleep and live for as long as necessary.  When the war ended the lights were switched off and the rooms left silent and untouched for many years.  The rooms were in operational use from 27th August 1939 to the Japanese surrender in 1945 the war cabinet held more than 100 meetings in these somewhat cramped rooms.  Without doubt some of the most important decisions of the Second World War were taken here. 
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Horse Guards Parade      The former tiltyard or jousting field of Whitehall Palace, used for the ceremony of Trooping the Colour each June to celebrate the Queens official birthday.  The Horse Guards building by which one enters the parade ground from the direction of Whitehall was reconstructed in 1750 prior to which it was the gatehouse of the Palace of Westminster.  The horse mounted guards who stand duty under two archways either side of the clock tower stand guard for just one hour at a time not all day.  The soldiers belong either to the Life Guards (red tunics & white plumes) who formed the bodyguard for Charles I or the Royal Horse Guards (blue with red plumes) who grew out of a regiment formed by Cromwell.  Both regiments now belong to the Household Cavalry which provides the Queens Bodyguard on all state occasions.
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The National Gallery    Situated on the North side of Trafalgar Square, it was built between 1832-38 from a design by William Wilkins.  In 1824 Parliament accepted the idea of a national collection of pictures and voted £60,000 to buy a collection of 38 pictures from John Angerstein.  30 years later the Government decided to make a regular grant to buy more pictures and since then the gallery has built up arguably an unrivalled collection covering the period from the 13th Century to the present day.  Particularly strong in Italian, Dutch, Flemish and French art.
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Victoria and Albert Museum    Founded originally as the Marlborough House Museum of Ornamental art in 1852 and then moved to South Kensington in 1857.  The present renaissance style building was designed by Sir Aston Webb and opened in 1909.  Today it constitutes the greatest collection of fine and decorative art in the world.  There is also a collection of John Constable paintings and drawings given by the Constable family.  So many galleries so much to see!
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British Museum                 Founded in 1753, it is the oldest museum in the world.  The original collection was started by the physician Sir Hans Sloane but over the years it as been added to many times over.  The immense hoard of artefacts spans nearly 2 million years of world history.  It is stored in 94 galleries covering over 2 miles of displays.  Some of the treasures include Egyptian mummies, the Mildenhall Saxon silver tableware found after being ploughed up in a Suffolk field in 1942, Lindow man preserved in a bog since the first century AD, pottery from Greece and Rome, Lindisfarne Gospels from the 7th Century, an original copy of Magna Carta from 1215. Together with specimens from all over the world which bring the very history of our civilisation alive.
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St. Paul's Cathedral, London        The original Cathedral was built on Ludgate Hill by the Anglo Saxons in 604A.D. built of wood it burnt down and was rebuilt on a number of occasions.  The present Cathedral was started by Sir Christopher Wren in 1675 and it took 35 years to build.  The Cathedral was damaged during the Second World War with bombs falling through the roof and destroying the alter and one damaging the North transept.  A famous picture taken at the time shows the cathedral surrounded by fire and smoke and through the gloom appearing unscathed the dome of St Pauls rising dominantly and defiantly from the inferno below, a source of inspiration to the whole country in its hour of need.  In the crypt lie buried, Wren, Nelson, Wellington and many other famous British people.  The peel of 12 bells is outstanding and the choir of 38 boys and 18 men maintain a very proud tradition.
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Tower of London               Built by William the Conqueror because he did not trust his new people.  Over the years it has been a garrison, armoury, prison, royal mint and royal palace.  Among well known heads that have rolled or languished in the tower were Kings of Scotland, France and England.  Lady Jane Grey, Duke of Monmouth, Queen Elizabeth for six months, Sir Walter Raleigh and many more.  There is even a gate directly off the river called traitors gate.
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Canterbury             A very ancient city with more than 2,000 years of history and the site of Canterbury Cathedral.  There were Belgic settlements here pre-Roman time and Julius Caesar took the area by storm in 54B.C. after their conquest in 43A.D. the Romans established a centre here called Durovernum.  In 597 St Augustine arrived on his mission to spread Christianity in England and built his first cathedral.  Something like half the Medieval walls which encircled the old city on the Eastern side still remain.  They date from the 13th & 14th Centuries, they were partly built on Roman remains.
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Canterbury Cathedral   The Cathedral of course dominates the city, the original was built by St Augustine but nothing remains.  In fact nothing pre-Conquest does remain.  A little while after the Conquest a new Cathedral was built by Lanfranc, the first Norman Archbishop.  Since that time there have been many additions, the oldest remaining part of the Cathedral is the crypt dating from 1100.  Only one English monarch is buried here, Henry IV, who lies with his Queen Joan in Trinity Chapel.  The tomb of Edward, the Black Prince is close by and described by many as the most magnificent in England.  In Trinity chapel you will also find the shrine of St Thomas a Becket, Archbishop from 1162-1170 when he was murdered by four knights of Henry II after a long and bitter feud.  The nave completed in the early 15th Century is 187ft in length, 71ft in width and 79ft in height.  The tall central bell tower which dominates the external views of the cathedral dates back to 1498 and is certainly one of earliest large brick structures in England.  Viewed from inside all but the top 50ft is visible.  130ft above the floor level is the magnificent fan vaulted ceiling, the South window is a splendid example of 12th Century art and the whole Cathedral is alive with stained glass, despite the Civil War and the Second World War damage.
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St. Augustines Abbey Canterbury     The ruins of St Augustines Abbey are probably one of the most important ecclesiastical sites in England.  An Abbey was first built here in the time of the saint but was subsequently torn down more than once.  The 7th Century remains tell us much of the life in an early Christian monastery, buried in the grounds, St Augustine and many of the early archbishops of Canterbury.
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St Martins Church Canterbury           St Martins “the oldest church in continuous use in England” is hard to contest, although the small Chapel at Escomb near Durham also lays claim.  We do know as fact that St Augustine set up his mission here when he arrived from Rome in AD597.  However it is written by the Venerable Bede that a Church dedicated to Martin had been built in Roman times approx AD90 to the East of Canterbury.  It is also written by Bede that Queen Bertha the wife of the Saxon King Ethelbert of Kent had worshipped here prior to the arrival of Augustine.
Archaeological evidence in the neighbourhood does seem to confirm this thesis.
Therefore we can safely say that an original place of worship was founded on this site in approx AD90 which was eventually demolished and a new church built over the Roman remains in approx AD560.
The exterior is a tapestry of different building materials, Roman tile, ragstone, flint, brick and any other material that came to hand on the day.
The Church is known in all English speaking Christendom as St martins - the mother church of our Motherland and the Whole Anglican Communion
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Sissinghurst Gardens     Of international acclaim, this connoisseur's garden was created by the late Vita Sackville-West and her husband, Sir Harold Nicolson.  Between the surviving parts of an Elizabethan mansion.  There is much to see at all seasons, including a spring garden, orchard, white garden and herb garden.
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Leeds Castle           Established for over a thousand years on two islands in the middle of a natural lake.  Leeds castle is one of England's oldest and most romantic stately homes.  Known affectionately as the Ladies Castle, Leeds was home to six of the Medieval Queens of England and most infamous of monarchs King Henry VIII.  The castle now houses a magnificent collection of Medieval furnishings, tapestries and paintings. administered by a charitable trust.  Surrounded by over 500 acres of rolling parkland and gardens a natural home to many varied varieties of waterfowl.
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Rochester                City with a long history.  There were probably Prehistoric and certainly Celtic settlements.  The Romans established an important base here which they called Durobrivae here where their road crossed the Medway.  When the Romans had left these shores the Anglo Saxons came and they called the area Hrofesceaster. William the conqueror built a castle here.  In the High Street stands the Guildhall dating back to 1687.close by is the Corn Exchange.  Further on down the street are two interesting old hotels the bull built approx 400 years ago, Dickens definitely stayed here and the hotel was featured in Pickwick Papers and as the Blue Boar of Great Expectations, it is also rumoured that Queen Victoria stayed here.  The other hotel the George is circa 1600 and stands on the remains of an old church. The vault dates back to 1325.
Charles Dickens of course stayed in the city many times and used many buildings as his source of inspiration; Eastgate House at the Eastern end of the High Street was Westgate House in Pickwick Papers.  Nuns House was used in Edwin Drood.
Near to the ruined castle stands the Cathedral.
Rochester: derived from the Roman Durobrivae meaning (bridge/fort) from the two British (Celtic) words Duro (fort) and Briua (bridge)  The present form of the city`s name comes from the Anglo Saxon Hrofaescaestrae which was written in the 8th Century.  It become Rovescestre when written in the Domesday book.  Eventually becoming Rochester
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Rochester Castle      Guards the river crossing of the Medway.  It was close to here that the Romans first built their fort to protect the crossing.  The present castle was started in 1087 by Bishop Gundolf and is thought to be one of the finest preserved examples of Norman architecture in England. The great keep measures 113feet high, 70 feet square and walls of 12feet thick.  The castle has been subject to siege 3 times and was partly demolished by King John in 1215 when he undermined the South East tower.
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Rochester Cathedral                  Englands second oldest Cathedral founded in 604AD.  The present building dates back to 1080, designed by a French monk names Gundulf. The Cathedral became a major place of pilgrimage in the 13th Century, following the death of William of Perth, who was murdered nearby.  His body was brought to the Cathedral and at his shrine (of which no trace remains) miracles were reported.
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Dover Castle           The inner keep and bailey dating back to 1180, the royal apartments and chapels used some 800 years ago.  The oldest part of the castle is the Roman lighthouse situated next to the Saxon church. the well 289ft deep is considerably older than the castle itself.  Take a walk in the 13th century underground fortifications originally dug in 1216 at the time of the French attack.  The battlements and towers protecting the castle. Over a thousand years of history within the walls, throughout this long history, until the late 1960s the castle has been a military headquarters and garrisoned continuously.
Beneath the castle and within the White Cliffs are the World War II tunnels where some 700 men and women masterminded the evacuation of 330,000 British and allied troops from Dunkirk in 1940.  They also actively reported the movement of ships and aircraft over the channel during the 5/6 years of war.
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