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Grace and Holy Trinity Cathedral, Kansas, MO
Choral Director John Schaefer
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Salisbury                       A town where there is no need to go looking for interests in dark corners, it is all around.  The city dates back to the 13th Century when it was decided to move the Bishops seat  from Old Sarum.  The Cathedral foundations were begun in 1220 and the city started to grow.  Salisbury was built on a grid or chequer system which left space between the blocks.  Cathedral Close is the most beautiful in all England and the list of buildings with interest is unending.  It is interesting to note that the main wall around the Cathedral Close was granted by license from Edward III.
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Salisbury Cathedral          The first sight of the Cathedral is most impressive an early example of English architecture.  Its spire soaring to a height of 404ft the highest in England which imposes almost 6,000 tons of stone on the four pillars of the crossing.  The Nave measures 198ft with a clear uncluttered beauty, little having changed since it was built.  With Foundations no more than 4 feet deep on a bed of gravel, the main building was begun in 1220 and completed in 1258.  The Cloisters and Chapter house being finished in 1280.  It was never a Monastic institution but staffed with Secular Clergy called Canons.  This arrangements continues today.  Canons would be away in their parishes for most of the year, just coming back to the Cathedral for short periods of time.  The present houses round the close are built on the sites of the former Canons' Houses.
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Exeter                 Founded by the Romans in 50A.D. who surrounded the town with a great red stone wall, some parts which can still be seen today.  Under the Anglo Saxons it became a very important place and was twice ravaged by the Danes once in 876 when they occupied the town for three years and again in 1003. Following on after the Norman invasion the town held out till 1068 before finally accepting defeat after an 18 day siege by William the Conqueror.  The town was an important cloth manufacturing area and because of its strategic position close to the coast trading centre right up to the late 18th Century.  Two attractive areas in the city are the Cathedral Close and the area of the quay.  Some Medieval pubs still remain, The Ship, White Hart, Turks Head together with some fine timbered buildings.  Much however was lost in the German bombing of 1942 which flattened a great deal of the city.
Exeter-:derives its name from the River Exe on which it stands and could be conceived as the Roman Exchester the latter half indicating a Roman camp called Isca Dumnomiorum—Isca meaning Exe and Dumnomiorum being the name of the tribe of people who could be called the people of Devon.  The name was first recorded in 894 as Exanceaster and later in the Doomsday book with a Norman influence as Essecestra
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Exeter Cathedral                 It is recorded that a church with a religious community probably existed here from as early as the 7th Century and St Boniface an apostle from Germany was educated here.  It became the seat of the Bishop in 1050 when Leofric made the Minster his Cathedral.  Leofric founded a community of 24 Canons whose successors have run the Cathedral ever since.  The original Cathedral was built in the Norman style and consecrated on the 21st November 1133.  It is believed the Cathedral had boy singers by 1180 and the office of Dean founded in 1225.  During the period 1258-80 a new rebuilding scheme was started which built on the existing Norman foundations and by the 14th Century only the Norman towers remained of the original building.  Little disturbance was made until the exterior was extensively restored in the 19th Century and changes made inside during the period 1870-1877.   The building did take a direct hit during the bombing of 1942 and much damage was done.  The Quire screen is original dating back to 1320 and the Quire has furnishings (Bishops throne nearly 60ft high dating back to the period of Bishop Stapledon (1308-1326) Music plays a very important part in Cathedral life and the Choristers are educated in the school which dates back to the Cathedrals very early days.
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Killerton             The spectacular hillside garden is beautiful throughout the year with spring flowering bulbs and shrubs, colourful herbaceous borders and fine trees.  The garden is surrounded by parkland and woods which offer lovely walks.  The house is furnished as a comfortable family home and includes a music room.  Upstairs the Pauline de Bush collection of costumes from the 18th Century to the present day is displayed in a series of period rooms.
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Truro                            Capital city of Cornwall, the commercial hub of the area.  During the Middle ages it was an important port for the export of iron ore, it is now a market town and an administrative centre for the county.  Stood for the King during the Civil War but really history has passed it by.
Truro-:
considered to be based on the Cornish words Try meaning triple and Erow meaning unit of land the name was first recorded as Triueru in a document of 1176. 
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Truro Cathedral     Although by our standards a modern Cathedral dedicated in 1910.  No one can fail to be impressed when approaching the city, a soaring spire 250ft catching the eye and dominating the centre of the city.  It was the first Anglican Cathedral to be built on a new site in this country since Salisbury in the 13th Century.  The County of Cornwall had been an Archdeaconry of Exeter until the decision taken on the 15th December 1876 which declared the See founded at Truro.  The first bishop was Edward Benson Enthoned in 1877.  Not in a Cathedral but in the small parish church of St Mary the Virgin.  The foundation stone of the new Cathedral was laid on the 20th May 1880 by the then Prince of Wales later to become King Edward VII.  The building was completed and dedicated in 1910.
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Trelissick Gardens   25 acres of garden set in parkland overlooking the Fal River, Carrick Roads and the harbour.  The property offers a port of call of exceptional beauty for general and specialist visitors in a county already remarkable for its breathtaking coastal landscapes.
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Plymouth                  Although one of the most celebrated names in British maritime history, there are now over 40 communities spread round the English speaking world with the name Plymouth.  Its potential as a major deep sea port was not really recognised until the turn of the 13th Century.  It became the base of the English Navy during the Elizabethan era.  The time of Drake, Raleigh, Hawkins & Gilbert when it was used extensively to guard the Western approaches from the Spanish fleets.  It was from here on the Hoe on Friday July 19th 1588 that Drake, while playing bowls, was told of the approach of the Spanish Armada.  Ignoring advice he continued with his game until completed.  Then he boarded his vessel the Golden Hind and set off after the Spanish.
The city is split effectively into 2 halves: one half the modern heart of the city. Smashed comprehensively by German bombers between 1940-3 and now rebuilt into a very modern shopping centre.  The other half in the Barbican.  Perhaps the most attractive small urban area in Devon.  This is the site of the Plymouth that Drake would have known.  Beside the harbour in Sutton Pool.  The streets are narrow and sloping with the harbour packed with boats for both pleasure and fishing.  Here also the Mayflower steps where the Pilgrim fathers boarded ship for the historic voyage to Massachusetts.  The actual names of the Mayflowers company are listed nearby on a panel situated on Island House (now the tourist information office).
The parish church of St Andrew built in the 14th Century was extensively fire bombed during the Second World War. Now refurbished.
Drake, Hawkins and Grenville attended St Andrews. The church where the Pilgrim Fathers spent their last night before embarking for the new world.

Plymouth:
means at the mouth of the river. The river being the Plym
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Powderham Castle                The Manor of Powderham was mentioned in the Doomsday book. It came into the Courtenay family by way of the dowry of Margaret de Bohun on her marriage to Hugh de Courtenay son of the first Courtenay Earl of Devon. Margaret bore her Lord nine daughters & eight sons and from this marriage descends all the subsequent Courtenays Earls of Devon.  She left the Castle to her Sixth son Philip and it was he who began building the castle as we see it today in 1319.
After a very eventful history the castle passed down the family to the 17th Earl who died in 1998 aged 82.  He was succeeded by his only son who managed the estate for many years, he had three daughters and one son called Charles.  Powderham is very much as it was when Fowlers renovations were completed in the 19th Century.  However the 17th Earl made a new entrance on the north side in 1959 when the castle was first opened to the public, built a new flat for him and his wife and made some alterations to their private garden.
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Norwich                                  A beautiful city and the Capital of Norfolk.  The site of the city so important as it developed within a large double bend in the River Wensum.  After the Norman conquest both the castle and the cathedral were built, two focal points that remain until this day.  The great stone keep of the castle dates back to 1160 and except for the Tower of London must rate as one of the best surviving examples of Norman military architecture in the country.  90 feet square and over 70 feet in height.  The city centre is dotted with important historic buildings, the Guildhall built between 1407-1413, the Assembly House in Theatre Street 1754, Bridewell Museum 1370, Strangers Hall is Mid 15th Century, plus approximately 30 surviving churches all Medieval and many of exceptional interest.  In Medieval times Norwich also had one of the largest Jewish communities in England.  Wealthy merchants and money lenders living in the city built superb houses some of which exist to this day, one example being the old music house in King Street which is 12th Century.  Norwich-the place name means Northern specialised place with the Olde English wic meaning town or port. the town was recorded as Northwic during the early part of the 10th Century.  In the Doomsday book it is recorded as Noruic.
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Norwich Cathedral                                  A fine Norman Cathedral built under the direction of Bishop De Josinga in 1096.  When he died in 1119 he was buried in the chancel and the work continued until the finished building was consecrated in 1278.  The Norman plan, which incidentally is the only one to survive in this country, featured a Bishops Throne at the East end, in an apse behind the altar.  It is suggested the throne is approx 1000 years old which if confirmed would make it the oldest Bishops Throne in any English Cathedral.  The nave has a superb roof with close on 800 roof bosses.  Outside the building there are an array of Norman flying buttresses which were needed to support this huge burden.  The spire is the second highest in England at 315 feet (Salisbury is the highest) was added in the late 15th Century by Goldwell.
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Cambridge                             Cambridge is one of the most important and beautiful towns not only in East Anglia, but also in Britain and even Europe.  The quality of its buildings in particular those belonging to the University and the particular atmosphere caused by the felicitous combination of river and gardens have given the city a place in the itinerary of every visitor to this country.  The history of Cambridge began many hundreds of years before the first college was founded, a Celtic settlement had arise on Castle Hill 100 years prior to the Roman conquest.  At the foot of the hill was a ford across the River Cam.  It is thought the Romans built a bridge here.  The site of Cambridge became of great strategic and commercial importance.  With the departure of the Romans the town continued to spread to its present position on the East Anglian side of the river.  The coming of the Normans only increased expansion they even rebuilt the Castle.  Then in the 13th Century saw the founding of the first Cambridge College, Peterhouse College, established in 1281 by the Bishop of Ely and moving to its own hostels in 1284.  So was established the first College and the consequent increase in the importance of the city as a seat of learning and a centre of communal life.
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Kings College, Cambridge                    One of the most outstanding buildings in Britain and the finest Gothic building in Europe.  It was begun in 1446. its unusual dimensions, 300ft long, 80ft high and 40ft wide, prepare the visitor for its extraordinary system of spatial relationships.  The effect of the interior is breathtaking. the shafts on either side of the chapel lead the eye up into the roof where the profusion of delicate fan vaulting appears to be made of lace rather than stone.  The organ case (1606), screen and choir stalls (1536) stained glass windows (1515 incidentally the year the chapel was completed) act as a perfect foil to the magnificent roof.  Does this give meaning to look upwards to heaven for the splendours that are above.  
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Sandringham                        Sandringham House is the family residence of the Royal Family.  The estate was purchased by the then Prince of Wales in 1862.  The 18th Century house was elaborately refurbished by the Prince who later became Edward VII.  It now retains an appropiate Edwardian atmosphere.  The estates are extensive and include several villages, farms and woodlands which are managed on behalf of the family.  By tradition it is to this very quiet place that the family comes each Christmas.  King George V died here in 1936 and King George VI (Queen Elizabeth's father) died here in 1952.  It is also recorded that King George VI was born and baptised here.
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