St Michaels, ID
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St Michaels Cathedral, Boise, ID
Choir Director Michael Boney

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Windsor                                Dominated both in spirit and in fact, by its magnificent castle, yet the town itself is very attractive with Georgian and Victorian buildings, church street being one of its prettiest areas.  The parish Church of St John stands in the High Street with railings designed by Grindling Gibbons.  Nearby is the Guildhall designed at the end of the 17th Century by Sir Thomas Fitch and finished by Sir Christopher Wren.  However it is the castle that made the town and still attracts thousands and thousands of visitors every year.
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Windsor Castle                   The castle is the largest inhabited castle in the world and covers over 13 acres.  Its story starts with William the Conqueror who quickly grasped its strategic position and the advantage of a forest for hunting close by.  Since then practically every sovereign has had a hand in the building, Henry II put up the first stone buildings including the round tower, but the defences are still those built by Henry III. Edward III was born at Windsor and loved it, he enlarged the royal apartments and founded the order of the Knights of the Garter, making Windsor a centre for chivalry.  The castle is made up of three parts, the lower ward, which includes St George's chapel, the upper ward in which lie the state apartments and the middle ward where the enormous round tower gives wonderful views over 12 counties.
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St. Georges Chapel, Windsor    A sumptuous and impressive building which yet gives an effect of light and spaciousness.  The perpendicular chapel was begun by Edward IV in 1475 and completed in the reigns of Henry VII and VIII.  Many sovereigns and famous men and women lie buried here, including Charles I, Henry VIII, Jane Seymour and the present Queens Mother and father.  Queen Victoria and her husband Prince Albert were also buried at Windsor but in the royal mausoleum at Frogmore in Home Park near the castle.
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Winchester                    The historic city of Winchester has been welcoming groups for centuries, ever since the first pilgrims visited the shrine of St Swithun.  Already an important town in Roman times, it became the capital under the Anglo Saxons, and in Alfreds time 871-901 was a great centre of learning.  William the Conqueror kept Winchester as his capital and as late as the 17th Century Charles II planned a palace here.  The city is rich in important buildings, one such building is the Great Hall, completed in 1235 it is a magnificent example of 13th Century domestic architecture.  It is now an Assize Court. Sir Walter Raleigh was condemned to death here in 1603 and on the wall hangs what is called King Arthur's Round Table, marked out and inscribed for his knights.  However one building stands out above all others, the cathedral.
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Winchester Cathedral     The building was started in 1079 and consecrated in 1093.  Work from this period can still be seen in the crypt, transepts and East part of the cloister.  Between 1189 and 1204 the Lady Chapel was built and the Quire extended.  It is the longest Medieval Cathedral in Europe (556ft)  In 1110 the central tower collapsed and was rebuilt with the supporting piers greatly strengthened (they are now 20ft in width). Among its treasures is the Great Winchester Bible, dating back to the 12th Century.  This illuminated copy was written in the scriptorium at Winchester and is now preserved in the Cathedral library.
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Goodwood House     One of the finest Stately Homes in the country, home to the Dukes of Richmond & Lennox for over 300 years.  The 1st Duke of Richmond was the natural son of King Charles II and his French Mistress, Louise de Keroulle.  Goodwood was originally bought as a hunting lodge and subsequent Dukes have enlarged the existing Jacobean House to create the magnificent house we see today.
The house contains an outstanding art collection formed by successive generations of the family, this includes paintings from Van Dyck, Canaletto, Stubbs and Reynolds, porcelain from Sevres and many fine examples of English and French furniture.
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Chichester                   An ancient city dating back to 43AD when the Romans landed nearby and established a base here.  Evidence of their occupation can be seen in the remains of the defensive walls, They also built a Palace at nearby Fishbourne, one of the largest Roman buildings uncovered in Britain.  When the Romans left, the Saxons established a settlement here and the area continued to be quite peaceful and prosperous.  The present City lay out follows the original Roman plan of walls and roads.  North, South, East & West Streets crossing at the 16th Century Butter Cross.  Many fine Georgian houses exist especially in a delightful street called Little London and the flat landscape makes it a fine and very easy place to explore divided up as it is into four quadrants separated by the main thoroughfares. 
The Romans called this place Noviomagnus meaning new market from the two Celtic words Novus meaning "new" and Magus meaning "plain".  When the Saxons came, Aella, first King of the Southern Saxons, gave the word Ceaster meaning "Roman town" to his eldest son, Cissa.  Hence we have “Cissa`s Ceaster”.  By 895 the settlement was recorded as “Cisseceastre”
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Chichester Cathedral    The main building began in about 1076 under the leadership of Bishop Stigand and continued under Bishop Ralph De Luffa.  A fire in 1114 hindered progress but most of what we see today existed by 1123.  The Cloisters were built in approx. 1400, followed by the seven light window in the North Transept.  The Chapter House was also completed at about this time.  The detached bell tower was built during the early part of the 15th Century and while many Cathedrals once had such a building, only the one at Chichester remains today.  It was built to take the weight of the eight massive bells from the Central Tower.  The spire and The Arundel Screen are also 15th Century.  The original Arundel Screen was removed in 1859 and this possibly precipitated the collapse of the tower in 1861.  In 1961 it was restored to its original position as we see it today.  The Prebendal School where the Choristers are educated stands alongside the Cathedral and is the oldest school in Sussex and was originally endowed by Edward Storey, Bishop in 1478.  The vicars hall bordering South Street is Circa 15th Century.  The 12th Century Undercroft is now the restaurant.  The Vicars' Close also early 15th Century.  The Deanery was built in 1725 and the gateway at the end of Canon Lane leading to the Bishops Palace is Circa 1327.  The Palace just South of the Cathedral contains a lovely 12th Century Chapel.  The gardens and serenity of this Cathedral is a joy to behold.
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Stonehenge                  There is nothing quite like this awe inspiring monument anywhere else in the world, yet at first sight it is curiously disappointing, probably because it is set on a plain so vast that in comparison the stones seem quite insignificant.  It is only when man stands close to the stones that he seems so puny in comparison and it is hard to imagine how centuries ago, with only primitive tools to help them, men could possibly have placed these huge boulders into position.
The actual building falls into three phases.  Phase one which took place in the late Neolithic period somewhere around 2,000 years B.C. but little is known of this work.  Phase two took place between 1,700 and 1,600 B.C. We do know at this point about 80 blue stones, brought over by sea from the Prescelly mountains in Pembrokeshire, Wales, were placed in two concentric circles, with the entrance at the N.E. this work was never finished.  Phase three which took place between 1,600 and 1,300 B.C. during the Bronze age.  At this time the blue stones were moved and about 80 enormous Sarsen stones were dragged here from the Marlborough downs.  The whole history of Stonehenge covers the period from about 2,200 B.C. to 1,300 B.C. but exactly why it was built remains a mystery.  One fact remains the axis of Stonehenge was carefully aligned with the sunrise on 21st June, the longest day of the year.  Was it built in order to calculate the annual calendar of the seasons?
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Salisbury                       A town where there is no need to go looking for interests in dark corners, it is all around.  The city dates back to the 13th Century when it was decided to move the Bishops seat  from Old Sarum.  The Cathedral foundations were begun in 1220 and the city started to grow.  Salisbury was built on a grid or chequer system which left space between the blocks.  Cathedral Close is the most beautiful in all England and the list of buildings with interest is unending.  It is interesting to note that the main wall around the Cathedral Close was granted by license from Edward III.
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Salisbury Cathedral          The first sight of the Cathedral is most impressive an early example of English architecture.  Its spire soaring to a height of 404ft the highest in England which imposes almost 6,000 tons of stone on the four pillars of the crossing.  The Nave measures 198ft with a clear uncluttered beauty, little having changed since it was built.  With Foundations no more than 4 feet deep on a bed of gravel, the main building was begun in 1220 and completed in 1258.  The Cloisters and Chapter house being finished in 1280.  It was never a Monastic institution but staffed with Secular Clergy called Canons.  This arrangements continues today.  Canons would be away in their parishes for most of the year, just coming back to the Cathedral for short periods of time.  The present houses round the close are built on the sites of the former Canons' Houses.
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Isle of Wight                   Approx 9,000 years ago this area was still a part of the British mainland, however the rise in sea levels at the end of the last great ice age opened up a waterway, turning the land into a small island accessible via a short sea crossing.  The island is situated off the South coast of England and measures just 23 miles by 13 miles.  It is however rich in history that can be traced back to the stone age. 
The Romans came and built lovely villas.  The
Normans built splendid castles and the Tudors built magnificent manor houses.  In 1845 Queen Victoria & Prince Albert made this their home.
It is also well known as being a part of the Jurassic coastline, a length of South coast famous for its fossil discoveries and mammoth tusks.
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Osborne house                Built by Queen Victoria’s husband Albert between 1845-1851 as a family retreat where the family could stay free from the state ceremonial.  Much loved by the Queen who right up till the late 1890s would spend at least 100 days a year living in the house.  In 1901 she returned to Osborne for the last time dying here in her 83rd year.  The rooms are still laid out in the way she left them with treasured possessions such as paintings, furniture, ornaments and personal bric a brac on show.
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Ryde                                The town stands on steep foothills and the area is well wooded.  The parish church of All Saints has the tallest spire around and is visible for miles.  A popular holiday resort with a population of approx 25,000. The famous pier is half a mile long and the sandy beach stretches over 7 miles.  A very nice place to wander and have a bite to eat.   Mermaid Street is well known for its steep cobbled road lined with 15th and 17th Century houses. With the Mermaid Inn a notorious haunt of smugglers in the 18th century.
The name rye represents the Olde English phrase "aet thaere iege" which means "at the island" the original town was built on an island in the marshes.
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Carisbrooke Castle            Dating back nearly a thousand years to the time of William the Conquer.  The Norman Keep is built on an artificial mound which is the oldest part of the fortifications.  The well house also contains the famous remains of the donkey wheel that was used to raise water from the well. 
The position of the castle however is almost certainly of Saxon origin.  Very historic and of course due to its location on an island off the southern coast of England of very high importance in the defence of the realm.
Once owned by King Edward 1st for the crown.  Between 1647 & 1649 Charles 1st was held here before his execution in London on 30th January 1649.  His son Henry and his daughter Princess Elizabeth where held captive here between 1650 & 1653.  Elizabeth died of pneumonia in 1650 and Henry was released to his family in Italy during 1653.
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Arundel                    A pleasant town on the River Arun.  A lovely high street with a nice selection of shops and old houses.  The town is dominated of course by the castle.  But does have two Churches. St Nicholas rebuilt in 1380 after the black death.  Although a Anglican Church, one end of it is the Fitzalan Chapel where the family hold Roman Catholic services.  The two areas divided by a Sussex iron screen.  During the English Civil War Parliamentarian forces bombarded the castle using cannon fired from the Church tower hence most of the castle Norman fortifications where destroyed.  The other fine church is the Roman Catholic Cathedral of St Philip Howard built in 1870.  It became a Cathedral in 1965.  There has been a settlement here since pre-roman times.  The town was strategically important due to its location crossing the river on the main east west road route through Sussex.  Arundel: has its origins in the French word Hirondelle meaning Swallow.  A Swallow is depicted in the towns Coat of Arms.
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Arundel castle       A castle has stood on this site since before William the Conqueror came in 1066.  However the oldest parts of the existing building are probably Norman dating back to the time of Roger De Montgomery one of Williams favourite knights.  The castle underwent several sieges and was extensively damaged by Parliamentarian forces during he Civil War.  After which it fell into a very dilapidated state being restored in the 18th Century and again in the 19th Century when a further two towers where added by the then 15th Duke.  It has been the home of the Fitzalen family for more than 500 years.  Earls of Arundel and through female descent the Howards (Dukes of Norfolk) the premier peers and hereditary Earls Marshal of England.  Despite religious persecution the family has remained Roman Catholic.  The interior contains some fine rooms especially the Barons Hall, the library 117ft long and 35ft wide and constructed entirely in mahogany, plus a Victorian room especially designed for the visit of Victoria and Albert in 1846.  Hanging from the walls art treasures including, Van Dyck, Gainsborough, Holbein, Constable and Reynolds, together with fine tapestries and furniture collected by the family over many centuries.  The castle is surrounded by 1,000 acres of parkland and sits majestically overlooking the surrounding landscape in similar fashion to that other great castle at Windsor.
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