Christ Church, KY
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Christ Church Cathedral, Lexington, KY
Choirmaster Erich Balling

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Stonehenge                  There is nothing quite like this awe inspiring monument anywhere else in the world, yet at first sight it is curiously disappointing, probably because it is set on a plain so vast that in comparison the stones seem quite insignificant.  It is only when man stands close to the stones that he seems so puny in comparison and it is hard to imagine how centuries ago, with only primitive tools to help them, men could possibly have placed these huge boulders into position.
The actual building falls into three phases.  Phase one which took place in the late Neolithic period somewhere around 2,000 years B.C. but little is known of this work.  Phase two took place between 1,700 and 1,600 B.C. We do know at this point about 80 blue stones, brought over by sea from the Prescelly mountains in Pembrokeshire, Wales, were placed in two concentric circles, with the entrance at the N.E. this work was never finished.  Phase three which took place between 1,600 and 1,300 B.C. during the Bronze age.  At this time the blue stones were moved and about 80 enormous Sarsen stones were dragged here from the Marlborough downs.  The whole history of Stonehenge covers the period from about 2,200 B.C. to 1,300 B.C. but exactly why it was built remains a mystery.  One fact remains the axis of Stonehenge was carefully aligned with the sunrise on 21st June, the longest day of the year.  Was it built in order to calculate the annual calendar of the seasons?
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Exeter                 Founded by the Romans in 50A.D. who surrounded the town with a great red stone wall, some parts which can still be seen today.  Under the Anglo Saxons it became a very important place and was twice ravaged by the Danes once in 876 when they occupied the town for three years and again in 1003. Following on after the Norman invasion the town held out till 1068 before finally accepting defeat after an 18 day siege by William the Conqueror.  The town was an important cloth manufacturing area and because of its strategic position close to the coast trading centre right up to the late 18th Century.  Two attractive areas in the city are the Cathedral Close and the area of the quay.  Some Medieval pubs still remain, The Ship, White Hart, Turks Head together with some fine timbered buildings.  Much however was lost in the German bombing of 1942 which flattened a great deal of the city.
Exeter-:derives its name from the River Exe on which it stands and could be conceived as the Roman Exchester the latter half indicating a Roman camp called Isca Dumnomiorum—Isca meaning Exe and Dumnomiorum being the name of the tribe of people who could be called the people of Devon.  The name was first recorded in 894 as Exanceaster and later in the Doomsday book with a Norman influence as Essecestra
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Exeter Cathedral                 It is recorded that a church with a religious community probably existed here from as early as the 7th Century and St Boniface an apostle from Germany was educated here.  It became the seat of the Bishop in 1050 when Leofric made the Minster his Cathedral.  Leofric founded a community of 24 Canons whose successors have run the Cathedral ever since.  The original Cathedral was built in the Norman style and consecrated on the 21st November 1133.  It is believed the Cathedral had boy singers by 1180 and the office of Dean founded in 1225.  During the period 1258-80 a new rebuilding scheme was started which built on the existing Norman foundations and by the 14th Century only the Norman towers remained of the original building.  Little disturbance was made until the exterior was extensively restored in the 19th Century and changes made inside during the period 1870-1877.   The building did take a direct hit during the bombing of 1942 and much damage was done.  The Quire screen is original dating back to 1320 and the Quire has furnishings (Bishops throne nearly 60ft high dating back to the period of Bishop Stapledon (1308-1326) Music plays a very important part in Cathedral life and the Choristers are educated in the school which dates back to the Cathedrals very early days.
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Powderham Castle                The Manor of Powderham was mentioned in the Doomsday book. It came into the Courtenay family by way of the dowry of Margaret de Bohun on her marriage to Hugh de Courtenay son of the first Courtenay Earl of Devon. Margaret bore her Lord nine daughters & eight sons and from this marriage descends all the subsequent Courtenays Earls of Devon.  She left the Castle to her Sixth son Philip and it was he who began building the castle as we see it today in 1319.
After a very eventful history the castle passed down the family to the 17th Earl who died in 1998 aged 82.  He was succeeded by his only son who managed the estate for many years, he had three daughters and one son called Charles.  Powderham is very much as it was when Fowlers renovations were completed in the 19th Century.  However the 17th Earl made a new entrance on the north side in 1959 when the castle was first opened to the public, built a new flat for him and his wife and made some alterations to their private garden.
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National Maritime Aquarium        The largest aquarium in Britain giving the experience of a fascinating underwater world.  A collection of marine life from across the world from the shores of Plymouth to the coral reefs of Australia.  Over 70 sharks from more than 10 different species ranging in size from the small dog fish to the large sand tiger shark.  A superb venue situated in a marine City rich in maritime heritage the NMA is at the forefront of marine science and conservation.
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Plymouth                  Although one of the most celebrated names in British maritime history, there are now over 40 communities spread round the English speaking world with the name Plymouth.  Its potential as a major deep sea port was not really recognised until the turn of the 13th Century.  It became the base of the English Navy during the Elizabethan era.  The time of Drake, Raleigh, Hawkins & Gilbert when it was used extensively to guard the Western approaches from the Spanish fleets.  It was from here on the Hoe on Friday July 19th 1588 that Drake, while playing bowls, was told of the approach of the Spanish Armada.  Ignoring advice he continued with his game until completed.  Then he boarded his vessel the Golden Hind and set off after the Spanish.
The city is split effectively into 2 halves: one half the modern heart of the city. Smashed comprehensively by German bombers between 1940-3 and now rebuilt into a very modern shopping centre.  The other half in the Barbican.  Perhaps the most attractive small urban area in Devon.  This is the site of the Plymouth that Drake would have known.  Beside the harbour in Sutton Pool.  The streets are narrow and sloping with the harbour packed with boats for both pleasure and fishing.  Here also the Mayflower steps where the Pilgrim fathers boarded ship for the historic voyage to Massachusetts.  The actual names of the Mayflowers company are listed nearby on a panel situated on Island House (now the tourist information office).
The parish church of St Andrew built in the 14th Century was extensively fire bombed during the Second World War. Now refurbished.
Drake, Hawkins and Grenville attended St Andrews. The church where the Pilgrim Fathers spent their last night before embarking for the new world.

Plymouth:
means at the mouth of the river. The river being the Plym
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House of Marbles            Tour the historic sites trail with museums of glass, games, marbles and bovey pottery.  The company have been manufacturing a range of traditional games, puzzles, toys, marbles and glassware for many years. Also with a fine collection of vintage and antique wares.
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Brixham            A picturesque fishing port lies in the sweep of Tor Bay.  In 1850 Brixham was the home to nearly 300 trawlers.  Not so many now.  It was here in 1688 that William of Orange first set foot on English soil before becoming King.
Rev Henry Lyle of All Saints Church in the Higher Street wrote many well-known hymns including “Abide with me”
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